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EB-2 Chinese Nationals: Tired of waiting to apply for a Green Card? EB-3 may be a faster option

Recent USCIS guidance indicates that individuals from China with timely filed EB-2 category I-140s can now take advantage of movement in the Visa Bulletin’s EB-3 category by having their employers file a new EB-3 I-140 petition. In doing so, the priority date for the old I-140 can be transferred to the new filing, significantly reducing the wait for an immigrant visa.

MAIN TAKEAWAY: There is still time to file for an EB-3 green card process if you are from China and currently have an EB-2 green card process pending!

A priority date is a date that determines a foreign national’s place in line for a legal permanent resident status, or a “green card.” An individual’s priority date may be based on when an employer first filed a labor certification on that individual’s behalf or when a family member first filed a petition to sponsor that individual. Once someone has a priority date, you can determine how far in line that individual is for a green card based on his or her “preference category.” The preference category is determined by whether an individual is applying for a green card through an employer or family member as well as education and experience or familial relationship. Each month, the Department of State issues a Visa Bulletin so that individuals can track the movement of each preference category to determine whether they are eligible to file for a green card, which is also known as becoming “current.”

Historically, individuals in the second preference for the employment-based category (“EB-2”) from China have had much shorter lines for a green card that those in the third preference employment-based category (“EB-3”). However, in the June 2013 Visa Bulletin, the EB-3 China line began to move faster than the EB-2 China line. Since that time, the line for EB-3 China has continued to move faster than the EB-2 China line with the March 2014 Visa Bulletin showing that the EB-3 China line is over three and a half years ahead of the EB-2 China line.

Because of this forward movement of EB-3 China, many individuals that originally filed in the EB-2 China category are wondering what to do. Luckily, according to USCIS guidance, those individuals can have their employer file a new Form I-140, Immigrant Petition for Alien Worker (“I-140”), for the EB-3 category as long as their original I-140 in the EB-2 category was timely filed. They can file this new I-140 concurrently with their application for a green card, which is the Form I-485, Application to Adjust Status, if their priority date is current.

Additionally, those individuals who are just starting the green card process in the EB-2 category may consider filing a second I-140 for the EB-3 category after certification of the Application for Permanent Employment Certification, or PERM. This way they will have the option of applying for a green card whenever they become current in either the EB-2 or EB-3 category.

If you have any questions regarding pursuing any of these options, please contact an attorney at Minsky, McCormick & Hallagan, P.C. We can counsel you as to the best way to proceed in your individual case.

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